DEATH IN THE CONGO:

DAG HAMMARSKJOLD AND PATRICE LUMUMBA

Patrice Lumumba (right), the first prime minister of the Republic of the Congo, helped lead his country to independence in 1960. However, his dream of a free and prosperous Congo soon came to a bloody end. Foreign powers and local politicians vied for control of the country and its mineral resources. After seeking Soviet aid, Lumumba was targeted for elimination by the United States and Belgium, the former colonial power. Aged just 35, Lumumba was deposed, imprisoned, tortured and killed.

The United Nations, under the leadership of Dag Hammarskjold (left), attempted to find a solution to what became known as the Congo Crisis. In September 1961, Hammarskjold died in a plane crash while on his way to talks aimed at reaching a peace agreement. His death, with fifteen other people on the flight, was highly controversial at the time. Fifty-seven years later, the plane crash is once again the subject of a UN investigation that is looking into the possibility that Hammarskjold was assassinated and that his murder was covered up by powerful forces.

The Belgian Congo / Republic of Congo, with the breakaway Katanga region in red.

The Belgian Congo / Republic of Congo, with the breakaway Katanga region in red.

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recommened reading

For more information, I found these books to be very helpful:

Hammarskjöld: A Life

Death in the Congo: Murdering Patrice Lumumba


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Attribution for music used in this episode:

Assassinations Podcast Theme Music (Intro, Outro, and Transitions) written and performed by Graeme Ronald

Swan of Tuonela by Sibelius- Public Domain

"Mongo Bosaka" by Pas d'Artiste, Taped by Thomas Ladonne is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 / A derivative from the original work

"Madimba Xylophone Duet" by Pas d'Artiste, Taped by Thomas Ladonne is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 / A derivative from the original work

"Glass Drums" by Stett Audio is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 / A derivative from the original work

Ambient Overtones by Szabo David- Public Domain

"Lusuba Mouth Harp" by Pas d'Artiste, Taped by Thomas Ladonne is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 / A derivative from the original work

"Daily Ambient- Day 1" by R. Cole is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 / A derivative from the original work

"Daily Ambient- Day 45" by R. Cole is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 / A derivative from the original work

"Daily Ambient- Day 2" by R. Cole is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 / A derivative from the original work

"Daily Ambient- Day 7" by R. Cole is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 / A derivative from the original work